New Short Span Steel Bridge Removes In-Water Bridge Piling and Improves Habitat Conditions for Fish and Wildlife

Rolled Beam Bridge in Washington County, Oregon

The Meacham Road Bridge crosses the East Fork of Dairy Creek approximately 22 miles west of Portland, Oregon. This bridge is a critical crossing, providing the only access to approximately 68 properties in the county. The bridge project area lies entirely within rural Washington County and is surrounded by farmlands.

           

Challenge
Originally constructed in 1957, the old bridge was built with longitudinal timber stringers with a transverse timber deck system. It was approximately 20 feet wide by 69 feet long and consisted of four equal spans of approximately 17 feet. The old bridge was damaged several times by large debris collecting on and between the bridge piles within the creek. During flood events, debris accumulated against the three in-stream bents supporting the bridge. The flood debris also caused upstream flooding and at times, made the road impassable.

Solution
A new single-span-bridge was built to replace the old four-span-bridge. The new bridge design has helped to resolve the flood debris problem by allowing it to pass freely underneath.

The new bridge is approximately the same size as the existing bridge, but is a single span with no supports in the stream. In addition to reducing flood debris accumulation, the new structure improves habitat conditions for fish and wildlife by restoring natural stream hydrology.

Washington County’s Department of Land Use and Transportation was awarded a FEMA Hazard Mitigation Grant through the Oregon Office of Emergency Management to replace the out-of-date bridge.

New Bridge Design
The replacement bridge uses rolled structural steel girders with a concrete deck. The superstructure design is a 75-foot single span consisting of seven W24x131 structural steel girders with an 8-inch-deep deck using high-performance concrete. The roadway width is 22 feet. With two concrete bridge rails, the total deck width is approximately 25 feet. The deck surface is concrete with no asphalt concrete wearing surface.

Dr. Karl Barth, Ph.D., the Jack H. Samples Distinguished Professor at West Virginia University and Director of the Short Span Steel Bridge Alliance’s Steel Bridge Technology Center, notes that rolled steel beams are a logical choice for this crossing. “The use of rolled beams was the right choice for this project,” he says. “In this particular situation, the girder spacing of the rolled beams was selected to minimize superstructure depth. In return, the hydraulic opening below the bridge was maximized. The horizontal and vertical alignments between the old and the new bridges remain essentially unchanged.”

The roadway design criteria are based on the 2004 American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO) reference, A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets, with the supplemental Guidelines for Geometric Design of Very Low-Volume Local Roads (ADT<400), 2001.

The bridge was designed according to the 2010 AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, 5th Edition. The design loading is HL-93 with an allowance of 25 psf for a future wearing surface. The structure is located in Seismic Zone 2. The site peak ground acceleration is 0.19g for the 500-year (serviceable) return period and 0.27g for the 100-year (no collapse) return period.

The total project estimate, including design and construction, is $882,700; with $662,025 funded by FEMA and $220,675 funded by Washington County’s Road Fund (gas tax).

The replacement bridge was completed in the fall of 2012.

Project Team
Designer: Peter Pagter (OBEC Consulting Engineers) – 541-683-6090
Contractor: Jeff Carter Construction, Inc. – 503-589-4676
Fabricator: Fought & Company, Inc. – 503 639-3141
Owner: Washington County Land Use & Transportation (LUT) – 503-846-7800

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About the Short Span Steel Bridge Alliance
The Short Span Steel Bridge Alliance (SSSBA) is the industry resource for information related to short span steel bridges in North America. SSSBA’s objective is to provide essential information to bridge owners and designers on the unique benefits, innovative designs, cost competitiveness, and performance related to using steel in short span installations up to 140 feet in length. Alliance partners include bridge and culvert industry leaders, including manufacturers, fabricators and representatives of related associations and government organizations. To learn more visit www.shortspansteelbridges.org or email sssba@steel.org.